700-year old Jewish Cemetery in Prague by: cswallen
Fibichova Street, Prague 3
The Jewish cemetery in Zizkov (known as the First Israeli Cemetery in Olsany) was established in 1680, as a plague burial ground for the Jewish Community of Prague. Burials took place here during a plague epidemic in the second decade of the l8th century and on a regular basis from 1787, when a ban on burials within the city came into force. The cemetery was in use until 1890, when a new Jewish cemetery was established in the Strasnice district of Prague.
After World War II the cemetery fell into a state of disrepair and a number of tombstones were knocked down. In the early 1960s it was mostly discontinued and converted into a park. The oldest section with the tombstones of prominent personalities, however, was preserved and separated from the park by a new wall. In the second half of the 1980s a television transmitter tower was built in the park area. The preserved section of the cemetery, which is a protected site, was placed under the administration of the Jewish Museum in Prague in 1998. After the completion of essential building alterations and basic restoration work, the cemetery was opened to the public in September 2001.
The Jewish cemetery in Zizkov is an historic site of great significance. It is the resting place for some 40,000 persons, including a number of prominent rabbis and scholars. The most visited grave is that of the Chief Rabbi of Prague Ezekiel Landau (1713-1793), whose tombstone was fully restored in 1993 (to mark the anniversary of his death), together with those belonging to other members of his family. The tombstone of Landau’s pupil and member of the rabbinic board, Eleazar Fleckeles (1754-1826) has also undergone extensive restoration. Prominent representatives of the Enlightenment and contemporary Jewish intelligentsia who are buried here include the physician Jonas Jeiteles (1735-1806), his son Baruch Jeiteles (1762-1813) and the historian David Podiebrad (1803-1882). Large representative tombstones mark the graves of the first local Jewish entrepreneurs - Joachim Popper (1731-1795) and members of the Jerusalem, Pribram and Dormitzer families. As far as tombstone designs are concerned, the cemetery covers a broad range of styles, from Baroque, Empire and Romantic to the common forms of the 2nd half of the l9th century.
Thursday, May 31, 2007
Wednesday, May 30, 2007
helena bedrnova show - Prague
This clip is from the segment about THE MODELS from the Prague Paradise City television documentary. Producer/Director/Camera: Tim Cox. Editor/Graphics: Hary Jordonov. Client: Trailer for television pilot.
Monday, May 28, 2007
North part of Prague Outer Bypass (total length 83km) will be realized between 2008-11, it'll be 16km long and include several bridges and tunnels (longest one 1982m). Bridge over Vltava river will be 470m long with upper deck 79m above the river.
Sunday, May 27, 2007
Bones in the ossuary beneath a church in the small town of Sedlec (Kostnice) just outside Kutná Hora, 70km to the east of Prague. This chandelier was formed from every bone in the human body.
A small church on the outskirts of Prague, Czech. Republic furnished entirely from human remains. by: Fallen99
40,000 dead form morbidly fascinating sculptures and artwork; skeletons meticulously fashioned in 1870 by a wood carver. This is Sedlec’s Church; All Saints ossuary in the Czech Republic.
Sedlec is a suburb to Kutna Hora, a town in south Bohemia that once flourished due to its mined silver reserve. It is about an hour’s travel from Prague (click here for details on getting there).
So why were so many corpses buried here, and who was responsible for the works of art? In 1278 the Cistercian abbot of Sedlec, Henry, traveled to Palestine and the ‘Holy Land’, bringing home a sample of earth from Golgotha which was later, upon his return, sprinkled over the grounds of his local cemetery. The grounds were immediately considered scared, and hence became a much sought after location for relatives to bury their dead. In the 14th century, the Black Death spread the bubonic plague across Europe and now 30,000 bodies all wanted a resting place within the sacred grounds.
Such vast numbers of dead led to the creation of the ossuary in 1511 by a half-blind monk who gathered up the bones to be stacked up within the ossuary, making space for new corpses, which were soon taken up by more victims from 15th century Hussite Wars. The ossuary itself is situated in the basement of the All Saint’s Chapel.
Frantisek Rint, wood carver and artist was employed by the Schwarzenberg family to imaginatively compose the bones into works of art; amongst his creations came the Schwarzenberg family’s coat of arms, and a chandelier containing every bone in the human body (although I couldn’t say whether this includes the smallest bones found in the human ear!), composed of several bodies. In the four corners of the ossuary sit four ‘bells’, pile upon pile of bones carefully stacked with a hollowed centre.
Saturday, May 26, 2007
I'm not so sure if I like this but I don't know when I'll get chance to take a better shot so here it is ;-)
Julian Opie Walking on Vltava
Museum Kampa, Prague
British artist Julian Opie's exhibiton Walking on the Vltava in the Prague's Museum Kampa. This exhibition features several digital art works by this visual artist. Opie's exhibition presents an outdoor project called Suzanne Walking and Bruce Walking - 2 large LED displays with animated walking figures. These LED panels are placed at the wear in the middle (between the Charles Bridge and the Střelecký Island) of the Vltava River...
more pictures here.
Tuesday, May 22, 2007
Monday, May 21, 2007
karlin hall exhibiion. prague festival of contemporary arts.
the actress is my nearly 90 year old grandma. TARGET IS THAT OVER ONE MILLION PEOPLE SEE THE "VIDEO-MONUMENT" OF MY GRANDMOTHER! THANKS!
this video-installation was done for biennale of contemporary art prague 2005. the exhibition was in national gallery (narodni galerie).
content is about rationalization of working progresses and the question on which point humankind should think about stopping this process to not loose ourself (while optimizing every prozess for more profit).
The (brilliant) Soundtrack was done by Trend Violent exclusivly for this installation. the track is "raptism". he compiled a whole album for this reason.
Sunday, May 20, 2007
Prague Castle, thousands of people sightseeing. Probably used for wedding parties 3 or 4 times a day; but I'm not sure if this is part of the traditional Czech wedding protocol!
Video about a guy who travels to find the perfect place to get married
Saturday, May 19, 2007
Praga, torre del Ayuntamiento de la ciudad vieja, desde aquí arriba está sacada esta otra
A five minute clip of the 1920 silent film classic "The Golem" (d. Paul Wegener) with live solo guitar soundtrack by Gary Lucas, performed live.
The most famous golem narrative involves Rabbi Judah Loew the Maharal of Prague, a 16th century rabbi. He is reported to have created a golem to defend the Prague ghetto of Josefov from Anti-Semitic attacks. The story of the Golem first appeared in print in 1847 in a collection of Jewish tales entitled Galerie der Sippurim, published by Wolf Pascheles of Prague. About sixty years later, a fictional account was published by Yudl Rosenberg (1909).
According to the legend, the Emperor made an edict proclaiming that the Jews in Prague were to be either expelled or killed (depending on the version of the story). A golem could be made of clay from the banks of the Vltava river in Prague. Following the prescribed rituals, the Rabbi built the Golem and made him come to life by reciting special incantations in Hebrew. The Rabbi's intention was to have the Golem protect the Jewish community from harm. As Rabbi Loew's Golem grew bigger, he also became more violent and started killing the Gentiles (non-Jews) and spreading fear. Some versions also add that the Golem turns on his creator and attacks either his creator alone or the creator and the Jews as well.
In the face of the strength demonstrated and violence perpetrated by the Golem, the Emperor begs Rabbi Loew to destroy the Golem, and in return he would promise that the persecution of and violence towards the Jews would stop. The Rabbi accepted this offer. To destroy the Golem, he rubbed out the first letter of the word "emet" or "aemaeth" (God's truth) from the golem's forehead to make the Hebrew word "met" or "maeth", meaning death. It was made clear to the Emperor that the Golem of Prague's remains would be stored in a coffin in the attic of the Altneuschul in Prague, and it can be summoned again if needed. By legend, that coffin with the unformed earth inside is still there today.
The existence of a golem is sometimes a mixed blessing. Golems are not intelligent - if commanded to perform a task, they will take the instructions perfectly literally.
In some incarnations of the legend of the Maharal's golem, the golem has powers that can aid it in its tasks. These include invisibility, a heated touch, and the ability to use the Maharal's walking stick to summon spirits from the dead. This last power was often crucial, as the golem could summon dead witnesses, which the medieval Prague courts would allow to testify.
Thursday, May 17, 2007
Wednesday, May 16, 2007
Tuesday, May 15, 2007
Monday, May 14, 2007
Mala Strana was originally a popular and nowadays also the official name for the former Menší město pražské, one of Prague's historical and oldest boroughs. Its name comes from its position on the left (west) bank of the river Vltava, on the slopes just below the Prague Castle, in opposition to the larger towns of Prague on the right bank, to which it is conjoined by the Charles Bridge. Hradcany, he Castle District, is the Prague district surrounding the Prague Castle. It was an independent borough until 1784, when the four independent boroughs that had formerly constituted Prague were proclaimed a single city. by: Peterkein